Teej festival oftenly falls on the Bhadra Sukala which is celebrated by women as the major Hindu festival in Nepal and may be in India as well. This festival is counted in the major festival celebrated by Nepali people in today’s era. Hartalika Teej welcomes the monsoon season and is celebrated primarily by girls and women, with songs, dancing and prayer rituals. The monsoon festivals of Teej are primarily dedicated to Goddess Parvati and her union with Lord Shiva.
This festival is celebrated by the married women as well as the unmarried girls. Teej is a festival celebrated by Nepali women, for the long life of her husband and long and firm relationship between her and her husband until the death this life and all the lives to come. Teej is observed for marital happiness, well-being of spouse and children and purification of own body and soul. And, it is also believed that the girl who is unmarried, if kept the fast on the day of Teej then they would get a good life partner in future.
The folk music and dances add more flavor to traditional values of Teej. It is fascinating to see women, in “Red” dancing and singing on the street, going to temple in holy and fasting mood for their fun and enjoyment and gathering with the sisters and relatives. After a long time, many married women in Nepali village go to their mother’s home due to busy schedules in village farm works. The parents invite their daughters or send someone to bring their daughters to their home to celebrate the festival by having dar in the early day of the Teej. It is also believed that no girls go to their mother’s place (Maiti) till there is no any invitation from her brother or parents for the celebration of Teej. If they do not get an invitation from their parents, they feel extremely sad – and they say it is the saddest moment in their life.
After the completion of the previous day’s pooja of Teej, women pay homage to various deities and bathe with red mud found on the roots of the sacred Datiwan bush, along with its leaves. This act of purification is the final ritual of Teej, after which women are considered forgiven from all their bad mistakes they have done in their life. After completion of Pooja on the Rishi Panchami, it is believed that the fast of the Teej is completed for the good health of their children as well as of their husband. In this way, Nepali women celebrate the main festival Teej with the religious beliefs and devotee towards Lord Shiva.